April 28, 2005

Gazetteer: E-K

Countries E-K
Ecuador Egypt England Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Greenland Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Japan Kenya Kyrgyzstan

The number following the place-name is the total number of hay images for that place in the database. Click on that number to see all the images.

Corral. Ecuadorian villagers celebrate water project. 1996. Ecuador . (4)

In a procession to celebrate a the completion of a water project, Ecuadorians near Tabla Rumi, Chimborazo carry bundles of hay, possibly straw. The material they are carrying adds contrasting texture to the uniform indigenous costumes enduringly characteristic of the high Andes near the Equator.

Maisant. Women loading hay onto boat, Egypt. Egypt. (4)

Egypt’s agricultural and transportation systems have for millennia followed the course of the Nile. That course, of course, was dammed and deflected by the creation of Lake Nasser behind the Aswan Dam. These women are boating themselves and a small load of hay across the artificial lake.

Fox Talbot. Hay stack, Laycock. 1855. England. (580)

I have tracked down or created almost 600 images of English haymaking, ranging in date from the 11th century to the summer of 2004, and in counties from Cumberland to Cornwall to Kent. I considered subdividing this category into counties, but resisted the urge to avoid ethnocentrism and unnecessary complexity. The price of this large, simple set is the difficulty of finding a single emblematic image from one of the several phases of English haymaking history. Should I select a painting? By a household name like Reynolds, Stubbs, Turner, or Constable? Or a hay genre specialist like David Cox? Should I return to a great hay painting already used, like the anonymous panorama of Dixton Manor? It would be a pity to “waste” a selection on a photograph, when there are so many other works from which to choose. Yet so many great photographers have pictured English hay (Emerson, Taunt, Breckenridge, Brett Weston, and dozens of others) that they all deserve consideration. And I keep returning, again and again, to one of the world’s photographic treasures, taken in the first decade of the medium, in Wiltshire a few miles from my sister’s house. Fox Talbot’s famous image precisely defines the time of year, this time of year, with late April light. The angle of the ladder’s shadow is outlined on the roughly textured surface, ideal for modulating the light on every projecting fiber. And it is still simply a magnificent, traditional haystack, half-cut for winter fodder.

All the village like one family in haymaking. Estonia . (1)

This group haymaking portrait is the only hay image available for Estonia. It was culled from an online collection of oral histories with the perfect titles for our eccentric purposes. The title of the image is "All the village like one family in haymaking;" and of the collection: “The farm as the symbol of the state: Metaphoric depictions of the nation and state in the childhood memories of older Estonians.”

Penn. Carrying hay on head. 1994. Ethiopia . (1)

Lurking under the large hay halo, behind the R and B of the Corbis watermark, a young woman's eyes look out at the photographer, Caroline Penn. Her burden is a treasure, since all vegetation is precious in this country of mountains, desert and uncertain climate.

Purcell. Field of haystacks. Finland . (11)

In agricultural style as in climate, latitude often imitates altitude. These staked haycocks in a Finnish field close to the Arctic Circle have a very similar form to the Austrian “Heumannschen” (literally, hay manikins) which we’ve used to epitomize that Alpine country. The weather is unpredictable; storms and Baltic clouds come scudding in to challenge the stacking and drying skills of the haymakers. And so, until the hay is safely in the shed, it must be shaped to shed the rain.

Bonheur. Haymaking in Auvergne. 1855. France. (457)

As with England, we have hundreds of French hay scenes from which to select our landscape epitome. Had we not already used “Les Tres Riches Heures” in other contexts, that lovely view of haymakers and chateau would have been an easy choice. But how can we not draw on the wealth of possibilities from the nineteenth century, from Barbizon School to Post-Impressionism? Several genre painters like Veyrassat and Lhermitte specialized in the landscapes of hay and other harvests; and Millet, Julien Dupre, Pissarro and Gauguin produced dozens of works which celebrated the worker, especially the woman peasant, in the hayfield. However, since we have yet to use the work of a woman painter, we’ve chosen the ox-drawn hay wagon of Rosa Bonheur, set in the Auvergne, a region less frequented by the better known artists than was Britanny to the north and Provence to the south.

Tozashvili. Haymaking. Georgia (country). (3)

In our pull-down menu there is only one Georgia. On the map of the world there are at least two, a former Soviet Republic and a state in the US south. Each have two hay images in our database. Of Georgia the country, both are by the same artist, Rusudan Tozashvili, both too abstract to be of much topographical help. The one shown depicts an untidy but decorative meadow, half-mown and with several brightly dressed women bending to the hay.

Thomassin. Haymaking. Germany. (65)

Until April 2005, my choice from among the German hay images would have been from the Renaissance (Durer or Altdorfer) or from twentieth century expressionism (Nolde, Beckman, Dix or Munter). Each of the latter, especially Emil Nolde along his native coast of Friesland, painted brilliantly colored stacks into their visionary landscapes. However, for several weeks, a cherished Santa Cruz friend loaned me an original hay painting which I must include here, even though the artist, Desiree Thomassin was born in Austria, and though the region and date are uncertain. The lively realism and the sensitive depiction of clouds and clothes and the hay itself recalls nineteenth century realism. But other Thomassin works, almost identical in content and composition to this one, are dated about 1916. "Munchen" often appears below her signature. While the topography is too flat to evoke Bavaria, and the folk costumes seem older than the twentieth century, the number of women working in the field give credence to a wartime date, when German boys and men were dying in the trenches to the west.

Fleming. Boat loaded with hay. 1985. Greece. (2)

Of the two hay pictures available for Greece, one shows a photograph of two Santorini donkeys laden with what may be straw, and the other, reproduced here, has a huge barge, laden with hay-bales, moored at Vathi in Ithaca. This contrast expresses the tension between modernity and tradition in contemporary Greece. I chose the latter because it conveys the continued importance of water transportation through the history of this pelagic nation.

Scything, South Greenland. Greenland. (2)

The contrast between the two photographs of Greenland hay is also interesting. One by Wolfgang Kaehler, found in Corbis, shows a modern tractor-drawn swather mowing neat windrows on a sunny slope that might as well be in Montana. The one I chose depicts the ancient mowing method using the scythe. Evidently such nostalgia was intended by its (online) publisher to promote tourism to the thriving municipality of Qaqortoq. As is usual with such intentions, the technology is traditional and the scenery grand, during the short summer season when this island nation lives up to the color in its name.

Csok. Haymakers. c1890. Hungary. (6)

Istvan Csok’s painting has been compared to the more famous painting by Bastien-Lepage (ID 673 in our database), of haymakers at rest (a common sub-genre which deserves and will receive its own essay later). But the utter exhaustion of the girl in the earlier French painting is replaced here by gentle relaxation, and the Hungarian folk costumes are more tidily ethnographic than in the French work. The texture of the windrow on which the girl is lying is very well depicted.

Spiegel. Raking hay into piles. 1967. Iceland. (10)

Although there are several nineteenth century drawings and engravings of Icelandic haymaking in the database, I’ve chosen Ted Spiegel’s 1967 portrait of three brightly dressed children raking hay, because so little had changed, forty years ago, from the medieval technology of the earlier prints. The rake handles against the distant volcanic cliffs make the composition seem almost contrived. Two other photographs in our virtual collection document the adoption, by the 1990s of modern, plastic-wrapped silage, in the uncertain climate of the north Atlantic.

Hay boat, Kerala. India. (43)

Almost half of our pictures of Indian “hay” are more likely bundles of rice straw, energetically captured on my behalf by two young friends who went to India to be married in 2003. None of those looks as much like hay as does the material being boated along the Keralan river in this anonymous photograph. The landscapes of India are so diverse that no single image can do them justice, but this one vividly represents the tropical jungles of the southwest.

Franken. Farmer carrying baskets of hay on shoulder. 1987. Indonesia. (1)

Since only one Indonesian image is available, we take the Corbis caption at face value and accept that this Javanese farmer is carrying “hay” in the baskets on the pole across his shoulders. Equally plausible, given the small size of the loads, is an inference that the visible material may simply be grass packing for something of higher density and value.

Wood. Kurdish women. 1968. Iran. (1)

Roger Wood’s focus is on the Kurdish women at the center of his frame. But at their side and beyond them, among the stone buildings of the Kurdish village of Ghara Kilissa, are several conical haystacks. Until there is an independent nation of Kurdistan, this will have to be considered Iranian hay.

Butow. Iraqi farmer smoking a cigarette. 2000. Iraq. (2)

Butow’s other photograph of Iraqis making hay in the year 2000 (ID 1878) shows more hay but less interesting socio-economic detail. Here, a goggled youth smokes a cigarette while haymaking near Irbil. One of the tines of the fork he is holding has been crudely repaired. The tractor in the background suggests transitional technology, or perhaps residual progress from before the first Gulf War and the subsequent disasters.

Connor. Haying, Clifden, Connemara. Ireland. (105)

Two visits to the west of Ireland have raised the number of available images above the century mark, both by my own camera and in several postcards which illustrate not just the ancient process itself but how important it is to the Irish Tourist Board. Among them is a photograph by an author better known for his plays, J. M. Synge, excused from duty here by its presence in two other essays on our site. The dozens of images with which Dorothy Lange documented Irish haymaking are not well enough reproduced to justify their selection here. Rather than put my own work before hers, I’ve chosen a recent work by Tim Connor, illustrating the characteristic cocks of Connemara, capped against the frequent Atlantic storms. Connor’s own annotation is relevant here: “If I had to choose one photograph to represent what Ireland ‘feels’ like to me, this would be the one.”

Nowitz. Farming on a Galilee kibbutz. Israel. (2)

The geometric regularity of the field, corduroy in its texture, and the chopping and blowing method of hay harvesting reflect both the advanced technology of modern Israel and the the swift dessication which is possible in a desert climate. This aerial photograph by Richard Nowitz might have been taken in the intermontane western United States. The other Israel photograph (ID 1695) shows children playing in the hay in 1982 Gaza during happier times.

Sernesi. Pagliai a Castiglioncello. Italy. (105)

The most famous flowering of Italian art, during the medieval, Renaissance and Baroque eras, was far more expressive of religious narrative and allegory than of the rural and urban ways of life which so interested artists and patrons in the Low Countries during the same period. In Italy hay appears mainly as a flimsy cushion in mangers of the Nativity, until the emergence in the nineteenth century of an aesthetic movement which celebrated Italian folkways and provincial landscapes. I Macchaioli, as practitioners of this school were called, often included in their work the beautiful cone-shaped stacks, built around poles, that can still be seen, especially in the Apennines of Tuscany and Umbria. Although the twentieth century has also been a productive period for the painting and photography of hay – even the great Giorgio Morandi, better known for his minimalist, obsessively repetitive still-lifes, contributed two to our collection, and Sotriffer’s Heu und Stroh has dozens of fine examples – I have chosen a work by the mid-nineteenth century artist Raffaello Sernesi, in which a row of haystacks, some half-built, others complete, pose with what can only be called Morandian stillness against a Mediterranean horizon.

Roiter. Woman carries hay, Kohrogo, Ivory Coast. Ivory Coast . (1)

Fulvio Roiter specializes in women carrying “hay” – often, as here, probably straw – in various parts of the world. But hay pictures are so rare in tropical Africa, and Roiter's theme is the only choice for Cote d’Ivoire.

Braasch. Haycocks on hilly fields. 1986 Japan . (3)

These haycocks on Mount Aso, on the southwestern Japanese island Kyushu, photographed in 1986 by Gary Braasch, show both the universality of haymaking and the regional distinctiveness of its forms.

Purcell. Samburu dancer leaning on hay. c 1990. Kenya . (1)

Beware the casual Corbis caption! The title for this image “Samburu dancer leaning on hay” implies that it depicts a haystack, but it is evidently a hay-thatched shelter, possibly even a small dwelling, of some kind. Nevertheless, it is the only photograph of Kenyan “hay” in our collection.

Chatterjee. Hay wagon, Kyrgyzstan. 2004. Kyrgyzstan . (5)

Enthusiasm for the hay-in-art project has infected several of our friends including our Santa Cruz neighbors, Bijoy and Joya Chatterjee. While traveling in Central Asia last year (2004) they spotted several haymaking and hay-transporting scenes. This is one of them. The Kyrgyz hay wagon is loaded low rather than high, so low that the wheels are barely visible. Equally notable is the traditional Russian-style yoke and the driver's hat which is remarkably similar to the headgear worn at the far end of the old Soviet Empire in Romania (see, for example, ID 2133).

Posted by Alan Ritch at 08:19 PM

Gazetteer: A-D

Countries A-D
Afghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Bhutan Bohemia Bosnia-Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Canada Chile China Croatia Cuba Czechoslovakia Denmark
The number following the place-name is the total number of hay images for that place in the database. Click on that number to see all the images.

Patrick. Afghan refugee camps at Qum Qishlaq. 2001.Afghanistan . (2)

A train of camels carries hay past a refugee camp at Khwaja Bahwudin, Takhar Province, Afghanistan. The mode of transport is ancient; the wartime displacement of a long-suffering people is all too current.

Hodalic. Albanian fields. 1995. Albania . (1)

The valley, like many east of the Adriatic, is treeless. The staked haystacks are not unique to Albania; they can still be found throughout the poorer Balkans and much of eastern Europe.

Baldizzone. Nomad and camel caravan. 1995. Algeria . (1)

Camels carry hay in a nomad caravan near the Taout Oasis, Algeria. The material may be for fuel, or protective wrapping for something more costly, or vital fodder for the beast that carries it.

[unknown photographer, title and date] Argentina . (3)

Considering the importance of cattle in the Argentine economy, the dominance (80%) of hay as a forage crop, and the use of about 6 million hectares to produce alfalfa (1999), the virtual absence of illustrations is surprising. Part of the difficulty stems from the keyword search for “hay” in Spanish speaking countries (hay problemas!). But the University of California collection of stereographs does include this single (double!) image which shows a bundle of hay being unloaded at the great port of Buenos Aires. The other possibility, from the fine Welsh website, depicts migrants from Wales to Patagonia but shows hay with no discernible landscape background.

Rider with hay. 1999. Armenia . (1)

This horse loaded with rider and hay, snapped by a passing tourist, is the only one found for Armenia (and therefore has to be the best).

Conder. Farm, Richmond, New South Wales.1888. Australia . (18)

Many of the rural scenes of southern Australia echoed those of the British motherland, but rather than show one of several photographs which reflect this affinity (e.g., http://www.hayinart.org/images/2945.jpg), I’ve chosen one that shows the landscape filtered through the lens of impressionism. The artist, Charles Conder was born in England, emigrated to Australia as an adolescent and became a founding member of the Heidelberg (Victoria) Impressionists. This delicate work has a Japanese quality to it: calligraphic flowering trees frame a pond with geese, other farm fowl and pigs. Beyond, in a corral is a neat haystack, brightly lit from above.

Strein. Aufgebauten Heumannchen in Kolonnen und Gruppen. 1989. Austria . (42)

The best book devoted both to hay in art and hay as art is by the Austrian art historian Kristin Sotriffer. So there is a wealth of choices to represent the magnificent hayscapes of his homeland. Exactly halfway through Sotriffer's work is a centerfold so striking that both sides of it were included in the database (ID 1767 -1768). The Heumannchen (little hay men) seem to be parading across the rolling fields like figures from a Han Dynasty tomb. This army of hay soldiers was captured in 1989 in the area of Annaberg in Niederosterreich. One can only hope that they continue to be created every summer.

Rezaguliyev. Gathering hay. 1963. Azerbaijan . (1)

Although there is only one image for this place, it is a fine one, a well-composed linocut by the Azerbaijani artist Alakbar Rezaguliyev, depicting several heavily loaded ox-carts winding down and around a steep hill.

Baldizzone. Transporting straw across Meghna River. 1996. Bangladesh . (1)

The Corbis caption calls it straw, but the cargo in this striking 1996 photograph by Tiziana Baldizzone of a boat on the Meghna River appears to be hay. In any case the scene depicts well a landscape all too often literally dominated by water.

Much of Belarus remains in a time warp. 2001. Belarus . (4)

In a scene which typifies the time-warp which enthralls post-Soviet Belarus, an elderly woman, watched by a cat, dries hay on a paved road near Smilovichi. Presumably, the car in the background belongs to the unknown tourist photographer, door left open to allow a hasty move to the next picturesque opportunity.

Noter. View of Ghent. 1832. Belgium . (16)

Discovered too late to be included in our Hay on water essay, this early nineteenth century view of Ghent by Pierre Francois de Noter, in a style as old as the northern Renaissance, nicely represents the importance of canals and hay in the economy of the Low Countries.

Robbins. Bhutanese children in field. 1995. Bhutan . (1)

The only relevant image we could find of this Himalayan kingdom has, alas, none of its characteristically grand mountain scenery. But the stack on which the children are sitting and the soft-focus strands hanging from the background trees at least seem to be hay.

Bohemian Master. Month of July. c1400. Bohemia . (2)

This doubly dubious entry is questionable both for its geography (should Bohemia be considered separately from twentieth century Czechoslovakia or indeed the twenty-first century Czech Republic?) and its fanciful landscape (painted on the wall of a northern Italian castle). However, according to Enzo Carli, it was done by a 15th century Bohemian master named Wenceslaus).

Kleinman. Life for the refugees in Bosnia-Herzegovina. 1992 . Bosnia and Herzegovina . (1)

The photographer Eileen Kleinman gives this remarkably cheerful portrait the implicitly less optimistic caption “Life for the refugees in Bosnia-Herzegovina.” We must look beyond these smiling spinners to the haystacks in the field behind them, enduring elements in the tragically unstable environment of the Balkans.

Johnson. Kung women carrying hay. Botswana . (1)

Peter Johnson’s undated photograph shows !Kung women and girls carrying hay-bundles along a Kalahari trail. The Corbis notes indicate that the material will be used as roof thatch not fodder, in a region better known for hunting and gathering than for herding.

Naylor. Man leading donkeys down to the river. 1942. Brazil . (1)

Donkeys pull carts full of bales of hay down to the riverbank, where they are loaded onto cargo boats and taken up and down the Sao Francisco River through the seasonally arid region of Pernambuco. The scene, taken by Genevieve Naylor in the 1940s, is unlikely to have changed much in the past 60 years.

Wishnetsky. Peasant carrying hay, Bulgaria. 1989. Bulgaria . (2)

A woman carries a large bundle of hay near Karlanova, Bulgaria. The Balkan Mountains of northern Bulgaria are dramatic, and the prevailing mode of transportation is arduously primitive.

[unknown artist] Burmese straw art. Burma . (2)

The ultimate hybrid of the art of straw and hay may be this Burmese straw collage which depicts a cart of hay (or is it straw?). Another image of this country is found below using its contemporary name under the letter M.

Davies. Farmer with ox cart. c 2001. Cambodia . (2)

While the material in the small ox-cart looks like hay, the field through which it is being pulled is obviously a rice paddy, and so the load is almost certainly the straw of unthreshed rice. The other candidate Cambodian image, captioned "Haystack" suffers from the same misconception.

Gagnon. [untitled haymaking scene]. c 1933. Canada. (unknown provinces) (11)

Most of the 88 Canadian hay images are listed by their province. Among the eleven lacking a known province is this evocative painting by Clarence Gagnon from the early thirties. The dense woodland, edged by birch trees around the hay meadow, and the threatening clouds all have a raw frontier feel to them, but the style of haymaking could be almost anywhere in western Europe or North America before the middle of the twentieth century.

Smith. Hayride, vineyards, Vina Caliterra, Chile. 2000. Chile . (1)

Former Chilean ranches, like their counterparts in northern and central California, are being rapidly converted into vineyards. Herding tourists instead of cattle requires bales of hay only for them to sit on, while they tour the wine country.

Noll. Hay wagon, China. China . (25)

Many of the twenty-five Chinese images discovered under the label “hay” are understandably deceptive, since the gathering, carting and stacking of rice creates similar landscape forms. This unusual image conceals the identity of the material more flamboyantly. The load of plant material wrapped in fabric resembles a sofa on wheels. The tractor and truck and utility wires all reflect rapid recent modernization.

Kupesic. Haying. Croatia . (6)

Two women rake, two lift tendrils by hand, and a fifth stands on top of a load of stylized hay laced with wildflowers the color of the background sky. The women with rakes are as graceful as those of George Stubbs; but the style of the Croatian-Canadian artist Rajka Kupesic is Balkan naive.

Rossel. Cuban haytruck. Cuba . (2)

The image of Cuban hay by the Dutch photographer Hans Rossel shows plenty of hay but little of landscape. But beyond the casually waved hat of the hay-rider looms a pylon of modern power. For a historical view, see the engraving of the Havana haymarket from 1853.

Suruvka. Haymaking. 1997. Czechoslovakia . (1)

There are several reasons not to include this strange image. Czechoslovakia, like its predecessor Bohemia no longer exists as a nation name. We’ve already used a Bohemian hay scene. The color and style of harvesting suggest cereal rather than hay as the crop. A kinky couple cavorts incongruously in the foreground. The whole confection was created with “computer airbrush on synthetic canvas.” Yet somehow all this mischievous artificiality has a place, and deserves a place in our hay gazetteer.

Hansen. Summer farmstead. 1911. Denmark. (2)

Between farm buildings in the low-walled, large-roofed style of northern Europe, stands a conical haystack, glowing in the sun of a long summer day. The other Danish hay picture is a misty Faeroe Island scene.

Posted by Alan Ritch at 10:59 AM

A Gazetteer of a Hundred Hay Places.

My background in cultural geography has been invaluable as both motivation and foundation for this project. Now that my collection of images has grown to over 4,000, depicting haymaking in exactly 100 countries and all 50 United States, I’m constructing a pictorial gazetteer to celebrate the geographic diversity of our subject. Keyword searching for place-names is imperfect. For example, keyword searching for “new york” retrieves not just pictures of haymaking in that state or city, but bibliographic citations to sources published there. In order to make the search for places more accurate, I reconstructed every record, inserting a separate field for geographic names. If you go to the database, you'll now find a place box, containing, thanks to my "enabler" Emily a pulldown menu of countries, states and Canadian Provinces. I have selected an image to illustrate hay in each of these places, a simple task for those having only one picture, more challenging for those having several hundred.

Not surprisingly, the country with the highest number of hay images (over 2,000) is the USA, followed by: England (over 580), thanks to the English (and my own) infatuation with their countryside; France (over 450), thanks to all its nineteenth century landscape artists; and The Netherlands (over 140), thanks to Wim Lanphen, my generous and equally obsessed Dutch connection. A few other countries (Italy, Russia, and Ireland) and a couple of states (Montana and Minnesota) have also exceeded a hundred hay pictures. At the tail of the distribution, about a third of the represented countries have only a single image. They, however, will be the easy places to illustrate in the following pictorial gazetteer, in which I have selected a quintessential hay picture for all 150 places (country or state), with short descriptive justifications for my choices. The number following the place-name is the total number of hay images for that place in the database. If you click on this number (assuming that it's greater than 1), you will be linked to all the other images for the place.

Table of contents.

Countries A-D
Afghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Bhutan Bohemia Bosnia-Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Canada Chile China Croatia Cuba Czechoslovakia Denmark

Countries E-K

Ecuador Egypt England Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Greenland Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Japan Kenya Kyrgyzstan

Countries L-R
Laos Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Macedonia Madagascar Malta Mexico Moldova Mongolia Morocco Myanmar Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Niger Northern Ireland Norway Pakistan Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Reunion Romania Russia

Countries S-Z
Scotland Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Somalia South Africa South Korea Spain Sudan Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Thailand Tibet Togo Turkey Ukraine United States Vietnam Wales Yugoslavia Zambia

States A-M
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana
States N-W
Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Posted by Alan Ritch at 10:19 AM