October 26, 2006

Maramureş 8. The Baia Mare School.

Maramureş hay in art: the Baia Mare (Nagybanya) School.

Once the metropolis of Maramureş, Budapest is now of course in another country. But the Hungarian National Gallery preserves several paintings of Maramures hay from a century ago when several post-impressionists moved from the capital to the ancient mining town known as Nagybanya or Baia Mare. This art colony in the provinces had many 19th century precedents in western Europe and New England: the Barbizon school; Pissarro and Cezanne in Pontoise, Gauguin and Bernard in Brittany; the Hudson River School ; I Macchiaioli in rural Tuscany; and others. Each of these schools was inspired by nostalgia for a rural landscape that was already disappearing; many of their members found in the traditional haystack, a perfect symbol for agricultural ephemera. Those who took their easels into the villages and hayfields of Maramureş would have been pleased to see how much of the scenery would remain unchanged for another hundred years, continuing to inspire artists, craftspeople and photographers in the twenty-first century.

Bela Ivanyi Grunwald (1867-1940).
Drying clothes, 1903.Burning autumn, 1903

Simon Hollosy (1857-1918).
Haystacks, 1912.After the harvest, 1908.

Claie de fan.Nightfall.

Sandor Ziffer (1880-1962).
Landscape at Nagybanya with haystacks, 1915.Landscape, 1913.

Samu Bortsok (1881-1931), Janos Mattis Teutsch (1884-1960), Istvan Reti (1872-1945).
Bortsok. Farmhouse.Mattis Teutsch. Haycocks, c1916. Reti.  View of Nagybanya, 1918.

David Jandi and Imre Szobotka (1890-1961).
Jandi. Haystacks, 1925.Szobotka. Landscape at Nagybanya, c1930.

Twenty-first century continuity: Mariana Ionaitescu (1952- ), Silvia Boar, a Botiza rug.
Ionaitescu. Haystack, summer.Boar. Haystacks. Haymaking motif on Botiza rug.

Posted by Alan Ritch at October 26, 2006 06:23 PM