November 17, 2003

Hay words.

We are compiling hay dictionary, from Alfalfa to Zacate, a thesaurus of several hundred words, many to be found only in the most arcane crossword puzzles, and among them such lost beauties as these 35:

BRANDRETHA framework of wood for a hay-rick
CARFThe breadth of one cutting in a rick
COCKLETA small cock (of hay, etc.).
COPA conical heap of ... straw or hay. (Chiefly in Kent.)
COPThe moveable frame attached to the front of a wagon carrying hay
CRATCHA rack or crib to hold fodder
CURRACKPanier slung on horses for carrying bulky loads, as hay
DESS, nA heap of hay
DESS, vTo cut (a section of hay) from a stack
DOSSELA wisp of hay or straw to stop up any aperture of a barn
FOGGrass growing after the hay-crop has been taken, aka AFTERMATH
FOTHERA load; a cart-load (of hay, turf, wood, etc.).
HIPPLEA little heap of hay
KEMPLEA Scotch measure of hay, varying in amount
KNITCHA bundle of hay tied together; a sheaf or faggot.
LESPEDEZAA plant used in in the southern US as a hay crop
MATHA mowing; the amount of a crop mowed
MEDKNICHEThe quantity of hay given in reward to the hayward, what he could lift with his middle finger as high as his knee.
[note : hay also = hedge and "hayward" = hedge-guardian (what the hay!)]
PLACK and RICKLESRickles, biggest of all the cocks are run together into placks, shapeless heaps from which hay is carted -- 1871 G. M. HOPKINS Jrnls. & Papers (1959)
POMPLEFodder for oxen used in the north of England in the 14th century
POUT, nA small round stack of hay or straw; = POOK
SCREW(Orkney or Shetland) A small stack of hay
SHIRT, vTo wrap inferior hay with superior hay, "as is done in Paris."
SPRAIT, SPREAT, SPRET, SPRITCoarse hay
SQUINANTCamel's hay
STACK-GARTHA stack-yard, rick-yard
STADDLEBase of a stack, stack platform, marks left on ground when wet hay has been removed, scars on a face after smallpox(!)
TALLETHay loft
TATEA handful of hay
TATHHay from the manured field close to home
(Microsoft Word kept changing this TATH to THAT!)
TEWTo shake or toss hay (and, with Great, a pretty village)
THEEKTo cover or thatch a rick
THRIPPLEA movable frame to increase the carrying capacity of a hay cart
WATER-SOUCHYCoined by Horace Walpole to describe sodden hay
WUFFLERA kind of hay tedding machine
YAFFLE(Newfoundland dialect) Armful of hay, etc.

And, as if that weren't enough:
This OED quote about hay shatters stereotypes of librarians and of the Times!
1973 Times 9 Mar. 18/2 A quiet girl librarian, on vodka, has fantasy dreams of rolling in the hay in frilly drawers.

And another from Pynchon, under SASHAY, puts hay on our Highway 17 which you probably drove between Keplers and Capitola:
1963 T. PYNCHON V. i. 22 Rachel would gee and haw this MG around Route 17's bloodthirsty curves and cutbacks, sashaying its arrogant butt past hay wagons.


Hay Words Classified

Pieces of hay

| Bale | Bottle | Button | Cant | Carf | Cob | Cock | Cocklet | Coil | Coll, cole | Comel, cumel | Cop | Day math* | Dess, n | Dossel | Fenage | Flake | Fother* | Grip, gripe* | Haycock | Haymow | Hayrick, hay-reek | Haystack | Hipple | Hub | Jag* | Job* | Kemple* | Knitch | Lattermath | Load* | Lock | Mangerful* | Math* | Medkniche* | Mote | Mow | Mowth* | Parcel, passel | Pike | Pitch* | Plack | Pook | Pottle | Pout | Quile | Rack | Rick | Rickle | Ringe | Rip* | Roller | Rowen | Ruck | Screw | Seam* | Shear | Shelf | Stack | Staddle-row | Stall | Stook | Striga | Stump | Swape, sweep, sweepage | Swath* | Swath-width* | Tass, toss | Tate | Tipple | Tod* | Tope* | Tramp-cock, tramp-coll | Tramp-rick, tramp-ruck | Tramped pike | Truss* | Tump | Turning | Wad | Wake | Wallow | Weal | Wisp | Weal | Windle, windling | Windrow* | Yaffle |

*also a specific measure


Kinds of hay and grass

| Aftermath | Alfalfa | Black-grass | Bog hay | Burgundy hay | Camel's hay | Clover | Eatage | Fenugreek | Fog | Hard-hay | Haylage | Herd grass | Holy hay, sainfoin | Lattermath | Lea hay | Lespedeza | Lucerne | Manna | Melilot | Merlin's grass | Mid-ground | Mix-grass | Mowburnt hay | Mullocky hay | New-land hay | Nol tath | Oaten hay, oat hay | Overflown hay | Paspalum | Pea-vine hay | Polygala | Pomple | Quitch-hay | Rafty hay | Red-top | Ret hay | Risp | Rowen hay | Rowet | Rye hay | Sainfoin | Salt hay | Shavegrass | Silage | Slough hay | Soft hay | Sop | Sprait, spreat, spret, sprit | Squinant | Steddle-burnt hay | Stover | Sudan grass | Swale hay | Swamp grass | Swath-balk | Swathe bauk | Sweet rush | Tame hay | That | Tibbin | Timothy | Tore | Tussock grass | Vernal grass | Water-souchy | Water that | Welked grass | Won hay | Zacate |


Hay fields

| Hay-green | Hay-ground | Hay-land | Hay-mead | Hay-meadow | Hayning | Meadow | Rowen | Swath |


Hay architecture: buildings, spaces

| Barn | Barrack | Bavin | Brandreth | Cratch | Crib | Dutch barn | Hack, hatch, heck | Hay-box | Hay-chamber | Hay-house | Hay-hut | Hayloft | Hay-market | Hay-rack | Hay-shed | Hay-tallat | Hay-yard | Heck | Loft | Manger | Mow | Mow-barton | Mow-breast | Mow-floor | Mowhay | Mow-staddle | Mowstead | Picking hole | Pitch-hole | Rack | Stack-garth | Stack-yard | Staddle | Staddle barn | Staddle-stand | Staddle-stead | Tallett | Well |


Hay equipment

| Baler** | Band | Bonnet | Bot-fork | Buck-rake | Cart** | Cop | Currack | Elevator | Fiddle | Foddering cord | Fork** | Gambo | Grapple | Gurry | Harpoon-fork | Hay-baler** | Hay-binder** | Hay-bond | Hay-basket | Hay-boat | Hay-cap | Hay-cart | Hay-carter** | Hay-crome | Hay-crook | Hay-cutter** | Hay-dryer | Hay-fork** | Hay-hook | Hay-knife | Hay-loader** | Haymaker** | Haymaking furnace | Haymaking machine | Hay-mower** | Hay-pitcher** | Hay-press, -presser | Hay-rack | Hay-rake, raker** | Hay-rig, rigging | Hay-scales | Hay-spade | Hay-stacker** | Hay-tedder** | Hay-tier** | Hay-tosser** | Hay-wagon | Hay-wain | Haywire | Heck-board | Loader** | Morfrey | Mower** | Mowing-crook | Pick, pike | Pikel | Pitchfork, pickfork | Pole** | Rake** | Scythe** | Scythe-cradle | Sheppeck, sheppick | Slider | Spean | Stacker** | Stang | Swath-board | Swath-rake | Swath-turner | Tedding-machine | Thripple | Throw-crook | Thumb-band, thumb-rope | Trusser** | Turner** | Turnover rake | Twine | Wagon, wagon | Wain | Wimbel, wimbrel | Wuffler |

**may also be hay work or worker


Hay work and workers

| Cocker | Coil | Coot | Dess | Flack | Haze | Lap | Mow | Mowyer | Pick | Pickman | Pitcher | Pole | Pook | Pout | Quiling | Rick | Row, roo | Ruckle | Sadden | Salt | Shirt | Skail | Skim | Spin | Stang | Strapper | Ted | Tew | Thack, thatch, theek | Tift | Tipple | Top | Toss | Tuck | Turn | Twiner | Windle | Windrow |


Other hay-related words and phrases

| Brustle | Bumpity (de la Mare) | Buttered hay (Shakespeare) | Carry hay in one's horns | Core | Craker | Cut a swath (swagger) | Damp hay (Coleridge) | Harvest | Hashish | Hay-bag (woman) | Hay-bird | Hay-fever | Hay-foot, straw-foot | Hay-jack | Haymaker | Haymakers' jig | Hayride | Hayseed | Haysel | Haysugge (hedge sparrow) | Haytorite (pseudomorphic chalcedony) | Hayward (hedge guardian) | Hay weed (morgan, camomile) | Haywire (confused) | Hit the hay (go to bed) | Indian hay (marijuana) | Make hay (cause confusion) | Make hay (carpe diem) | Mead month (haymaking month) | Mourken (to rot) | Mowburn | Needle in a bottle of hay | Needle in a haystack | Proud (bulge in a stack) | Rafty (damp, musty hay) | Roll in the hay | Sashay (Pynchon) | Screak | Shirt (as is done in Paris) | Staddle (smallpox scar) | Swale, sweale | Swath (troops "mown down") | That ain't hay (worth more than worthless hay) | Welk |


1557 TUSSER 100 Points Husb. xci, With tossing and raking, and setting on cox: The grasse that was grene, is now hay for an ox.

WOMEN RAKING
1874 HARDY Far from Madding Crowd xxv, They were already loading hay, the women raking it into cocks, and windrows.
1889 DOUGHTY Friesland Meres viii. 173 Women were windrowing hay, with rakes different to ours.

Posted by Alan Ritch at November 17, 2003 01:58 PM